Some dental conditions sometimes require oral surgery to correct, such as wisdom tooth removal. Although oral surgery is considered invasive, you needn't fear the procedure. Modern dentistry techniques ensure that patients feel little pain and discomfort when undergoing oral surgery.
The following dental conditions usually require oral surgery to correct.
1. Wisdom tooth removal
Under normal circumstances, wisdom teeth are easy to remove due to their shallow roots. But if your wisdom teeth have erupted in the wrong location or are partly lodged (impacted) in the jawbone or gum tissue, oral surgery will be necessary to remove them.
2. Impacted teeth
Other teeth besides wisdom teeth can become impacted. Canine teeth sometimes become impacted. In other words, they either fail to erupt because they are lodged in the jawbone, or they only partially erupt. Oral surgery can help to free impacted teeth from the jawbone so that they can erupt into their normal positions.
3. Dental implant placement
After tooth loss, the best form of tooth replacement is a dental implant. But oral surgery is necessary in order to place a dental implant into the jawbone. Oral surgery for a dental implant will involve both the gum and bone tissue of a patient's mouth.
4. Bone grafting
After tooth loss, the jawbone begins to deteriorate in the area of the extracted tooth. Much of this bone loss occurs within a few months after tooth extraction. If a patient doesn't have enough bone for dental implant placement, then oral surgery is necessary to place a bone graft into the extraction site. Once the bone graft heals, within a few months, an oral surgeon can place a dental implant.
5. Jaw problems
Some patients have uneven jawbones that cause difficulties with speaking and eating. The joints of the jawbone may also be misaligned or uneven, which causes pain and other issues such as clicking and irregular movements during actions such as eating and speaking. Fortunately, oral surgery can correct these issues and improve patients' appearance and jaw function.
6. Trauma to the mouth
If you suffer an injury to your mouth, such as when playing sports or in a car accident, you can undergo surgery to correct the structure of your mouth.
If you have a dental condition that may require oral surgery to correct, speak to your dentist as soon as possible. The sooner you undergo oral surgery for your condition, the simpler the process will likely be.